Cervical cancer develops in a woman’s cervix (the entrance to the uterus from the vagina).
Almost all cervical cancer cases (99%) are linked to infection with high-risk human papillomaviruses (HPV), an extremely common virus transmitted through sexual contact.
Although most infections with HPV resolve spontaneously and cause no symptoms, persistent infection can cause cervical cancer in women.
It is caused by a virus called HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) and it is sexually transmitted.
You may be at risk of cervical cancer if you keep multiple sexual partners; if you’re HIV Positive; if you Smoke; if you use oral contraceptives for a long time and if you’ve been taking immune-suppressive drugs after an organ transplant.
There are usually no signs at the early stages but when symptoms begin to show they may include, Pain during sexual intercourse, Bleeding after sex, Bleeding in between menstrual periods, Low back pain and Excessive vaginal discharge.
It should be noted that condoms do not prevent the transmission of the virus. The virus can be found not just on the penis but around the genitals.
Thus, you can prevent cervical cancer by regular screening and vaccination.
Vaccination is available for women and girls from the age of 10.
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